Cracow - climate
KrakÃ³w has an oceanic climate (Cfb) according to the KÃ¶ppen climate classification system, one of the easternmost localities in Europe to do so. A mere 100 km (62 mi) north-east of KrakÃ³w (east of TarnÃ³w, and north of Kielce), the January mean dips below ?3 Â°C (27 Â°F) and thus becomes continental (Dfb) in nature. The KrakÃ³w climate is also influenced by its far inland position, with significant temperature differences between seasons. Average temperatures in summer range from 18 to 19.6 Â°C (64 to 67 Â°F) and in winter from ?2.0 to ?0.6 Â°C (28 to 31 Â°F). The average annual temperature is 8.7 Â°C (48 Â°F). In summer temperatures often exceed 25 Â°C (77 Â°F), and even 30 Â°C (86 Â°F), while winter drops to ?5 Â°C (23 Â°F) at night and about 0 Â°C (32 Â°F) at day; during very cold nights the temperature can drop to ?15 Â°C (5 Â°F). Since KrakÃ³w lies near the Tatra Mountains, there are often occurrences of halny blowing (a foehn wind), causing temperatures to rise rapidly, and even in winter reach up to 20 Â°C (68 Â°F).
Polish uprisings - cracow
The KrakÃ³w Uprising of February 1846 was an attempt, led by Polish insurgents such as Jan Tyssowski and Edward Dembowski, to incite a fight for national independence. The uprising was centered on the city of KrakÃ³w, the capital of a small state of Free City of KrakÃ³w. It was directed at the powers that partitioned Poland, in particular, the nearby Austrian Empire. The uprising lasted about nine days, and ended with Austrian victory.
A visit to the main research units located in Cracow
Cracow is one of the student Polish cities, because very often organizes trips to this city student, whose aim is to explore the city, exploring the history of our country also in terms of scientific and visiting universities. Some foreign students staying in Poland on an exchange or on any internship program, they also try to get to know the city, to which they came. Often they visit the nationwide research centers located in city, such as the National Center for Science and the Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences. In addition, they can learn the rules of research by Cracow's research units. Clearly, part of their visit is a tour of Cracow's universities.